next up previous contents index
Next: Determination of Probabilities 1: Up: Probability Previous: More on Probability

Relative Frequency

We need a few notes on the relative frequency idea of probability. Suppose we want to determine the probability of some event A. Suppose that we can repeat the experiment over and over again, such that the trials are:

Independent  of one another.
Identical , in that conditions do not change from one trial to another.
Let N be the number of trials and let #(A) denote the number of times A occurred. Then
The probability of A is approximately $\frac{\char93 (A)}{N}$
and the approximation gets better as N gets larger. Note that the relative frequency idea of probability obeys the three axioms of probability.